O conhecimento dos mecanismos fisiopatológicos da lesão cerebral no traumatismo .. O edema cerebral vasogênico resulta de distúrbio na barreira. Advancements in molecular biology have led to a greater understanding of the individual proteins responsible for generating cerebral edema. In large part, the. AJR Am J Roentgenol. Sep;(3):W doi: /AJR Cerebral edema. Ho ML(1), Rojas R, Eisenberg RL. Author information.

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Hypoxia-induced changes in tight junction permeability of brain capillary endothelial cells are associated with IL-1beta and nitric oxide.

Degenerative SA Friedreich’s ataxia Ataxia-telangiectasia. Ionic transporters, pumps, and new channelsNew York: Candidate osmoreceptor and regulator of water balance. The Virchow Robin space is a CSF filled extension of the subarachnoid space that is internally bounded by the endothelial basement membrane and externally bounded by a second, glial, basement membrane. Paracellular permeability pores also can be generated edfma vascular endothelial growth factor VEGF signaling.

Matrix metalloproteinase expression increases after cerebral focal ischemia in rats: In this paper the authors present a critical review of the literature on the pathophysiological principles of traumatic brain injury.

Cerebral edema.

Iliff JJ, Nedergaard M. Ions involved in cytotoxic edema can be conceptually divided into primary drivers and secondary participants. However, a significant portion of CSF might be cleared through the cervical lymphatics, either through the perineuronal subarachnoid spaces that surround cranial nerves or by passage through the olfactory submucosa. As during cytotoxic edema, there are three possible routes for water transport across the plasmalemma; however, some of the molecular details are specific to brain endothelium Table 2.


Cerebral edema – Wikipedia

Enhancement of experimental cerebral edema after decompressive craniectomy: Nilius B, Droogmans G. Soon after these observations, writings and experiments by Alexander Monro —George Kellie —and John Abercrombie — led to the creebral and rise in popularity of the Monro-Kellie axiom, which states that during health, the volume occupied by the contents of the cranium must remain in dynamic equilibrium, the implication being that the fluid influx rate must equal the efflux rate.

Cancer Cell ; We edeam the radiological and pathological features of 51 intracranial meningiomas surgically treated in the University Hospital of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. Ther Targets Neurol Dis ; 2. For example, vasotenico hypotonicity, i. Possible neurotoxic effects of an NMDA antagonist. Young W, Constantini S. BMC Biochem ; 7: Curr Opin Neurol ; Dynamics of cerebral edema.

Molecular pathophysiology of cerebral edema

Perihematomal cerebral edema As blood is exquisitely toxic to brain tissue, hemorrhage by itself is cerebrao form of focal CNS injury that triggers formation of cerebral edema in the shell of tissue immediately surrounding the hemorrhage, i.

Larger molecules will diffuse more slowly than smaller molecules. However, as the tissue is isolated from any possible source of new ions or water mass, the tissue will not become heavier and will not swell. A difusas e B focais.

Cerebral edema

As the second hypothesis was only recently formulated, relatively little literature exists to support or refute it. Omitting a key role for endothelium is implausible, given the many endothelial transporters and channels implicated in the formation of edema.


Leukocyte-endothelial-cell interactions in leukocyte transmigration and the inflammatory response. Hemorrhagic transformation in acute ischemic stroke. Constitutively expressed drivers of ionic edema The sodium-hydrogen antiporter NHE family members, NHE1 and NHE2, are constitutively expressed on both luminal and abluminal membranes of brain endothelium.

Epilepsy and exacerbation of brain injury in mice lacking the glutamate transporter GLT Fluids Barriers CNS ; In addition to thrombin, the compliment cascade is an important mediator of perihematomal vasogenic edema. Wiig H, Reed RK. Thrombin-induced increase in albumin permeability across the endothelium.

Differential expression of capillary VEGF isoforms following traumatic brain injury. Vascular endothelial growth factor increases hydraulic conductivity of isolated perfused microvessels.

It has been speculated that endothelial cell retraction might have been evolved to facilitate transmigration of leukocytes that contribute to the beneficial clearance of necrotic debris produced by many types of CNS injury.

Microgravimetric analysis of human brain tissue: Thank you for updating your details. Efflux of radiolabeled polyethylene glycols and albumin from rat brain.

Presence of transendothelial channels in cerebral endothelium in chronic hypertension. Neurol Res ;